Excellent comprehensive overview from College Board of 2018 exam
AP U.S. History Reading Strategies for Document Analysis (SOAPS +S and APPARTS)
An important part of the AP U.S. History examination is the document-based question, or DBQ. This question will present you with approximately documents (everything from journal entries, speeches, court cases, and artwork) that you will have to accurately interpret to write a suitable essay. Two techniques may help you with your analysis; they are the SOAPS and APPARTS methods.
SOAPS + S Procedure:
1. S=Subject. What is the document talking about?
2. O=Occasion. What was happening at the time the document was written? What was going on in the author’s life?
3. A=Audience. Who is being addressed? How does the audience affect the purpose of the author?
4. P=Purpose. What type of action or reaction does the author want the audience to have?
5. S=Speaker. Who is doing the speaking or writing?
6. +S=Significance. What is important about this document?
1. A=Author. Who created this source? What do you know about the author? What is the author’s point of view?
2. P=Place and time. Where and when was the source produced? How might this affect the meaning of the source?
3. P=Prior knowledge. What do you know about this topic that would increase your understanding of this primary source? For example, do you recognize and recall the meaning of any symbols?
4. A=Audience. For whom was this source created and how might this affect the reliability of the source?
5. R=Reason. Why was this source produced, and how might this affect the reliability of the source?
6. T=The Main Idea. What point is the source trying to convey?
7. S=Significance. Why is the source important? Ask yourself, “So what?” in relation to the question asked.
Уже на середине комнаты она основательно разогналась. За полтора метра до стеклянной двери Сьюзан отпрянула в сторону и зажмурилась. Раздался страшный треск, и стеклянная панель обдала ее дождем осколков.