Short Essay on Personality!
In daily life the term personality is very freely used by people with different meanings. Some people refer to the physical appearance like height, weight, colour, body built, dress, voice, etc. Some other people refer to intellectual qualities like intelligence, activeness, way of speech, thinking and reasoning abilities, etc.
It is also referred to social characteristics like sociability, generosity, kindness, reservedness, etc. On the basis of these characteristics they judge people as strong or weak personalities, good and bad personalities, etc.
In this way we all make personality judgments about the people we know. A major part of coming to understand ourselves is developing a sense of what our personality characteristics are. We even form impressions about personalities of people we do not know, but have only read about. As we shall see, these everyday uses of the term are quite different from the meaning psychologists give to the term personality.
The term personality has been derived from a Latin word ‘persona’- means ‘mask’. In olden days, while playing dramas, in order to give good effects to the roles played by them, the Greek actors used to wear masks.
The psychologists continue to use the term personality to indicate that, the real or inner qualities of a person will be different from, that of the qualities seen apparently. Hence, defining and understanding the personality is not very easy as it appears. It is very difficult to define personality in a precise way. Different psychologists have defined personality in their own ways. Two comprehensive definitions widely accepted are quoted here under:
GW Allport defines that, ‘personality is the dynamic organisation, within the individual of those psychological systems that determine his unique adjustment to his environment’.
According to this definition the different psychological traits which determine the adjustment of the individual are organised into a dynamic (changeable or modifiable) unit. So there will be flexible adjustment with the environment.
Eysenck defines that, “personality is the more or less stable and enduring organisation of a person’s character, temperament, intellect and physique which determines his unique adjustment to the environment.”
Most of the definitions of personality have tried to Consider the totality of the person, that means, all the abilities, tendencies and other characteristics, both inherent as well as acquired, which are more or less consistent, and distinguishable from the people are included in the personality.
Personality "Each person has a unique pattern of thinking, behaving, and expressing his or her feelings" (Coon, 2004, p. 509). Each day we come into contact with so many different and unique people that each possesses distinctive qualities and traits that form their personality. Personality is a wonderful thing as it lets you be as creative and wacky as you want. It is a difference and uniqueness of personality that creates such special bonds between people, and allows for great love, friendship and families to form. This paper will discuss what personality is and the types of temperament personalities that exist. It will also discuss major personality theories such as trait theories, psychodynamic theories, behaviorist and social theories, and humanistic theories. Along with each of the theories will be the discussion and closer look at a particular theorist and how they contributed to the study of that theory.
Personality refers to the constancy in who each individual is, has been, or who he/she will become. It also refers to other special considerations such as talents, values, hopes, loves, hates, interests, and habits that make each person unique (Coon, 2004). The term personality comes from the Latin word Persona which means mask (Hergenhahn, 1974). When viewing personality as a mask, it represents the public self that people display to the world. We all know that each person is unique in their own way, and presents themselves to others with varying styles and manners. It is individuality that makes a difference in this world, since each and everyday you come into contact with a new person. Knowing how people perceive themselves, and identify with their personality is just as important as knowing your behaviors. Personality is said to be greatly guided and initiated by behaviors, therefore being able to identify certain behaviors and characteristics associated by personality proves to be a very beneficial aspect in communication, trust, and finding a sense of belonging. Coon (2004) defines personality as an individual's unique and relatively unchanging psychological characteristics and behavior pattern. Many efforts have been made by psychologists and theorists to identify and discover an exact and true definition for personality. Problems often arise as this term can be interpreted and perceived in several different lights.
Temperament is considered the "raw material" from which personality is formed from. It refers to the hereditary aspects of an individual, such as their sensitivities, distractibility, and typical moods that are displayed (Coon, 2004). Coon (2004) identifies four main types of temperament personalities, which are introverted, extroverted, stable, and unstable. An introverted personality is a person whose attention is focused inward. An example would be the shy, anxious, passive, reserved, or self-centered individual (Coon, 2004). An extroverted personality is a person whose attention is directed outward....
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