Project Management for Information Systems Essay
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Project Management for Information Systems
Information systems (IS) projects are vulnerable to resource cutbacks and the increasing complexity of systems and advances in information technology make finding the right personnel difficult and the associated development costs high. Good project management is essential for success. Some alignment methodologies include IBM's business systems planning (BSP), Robert Holland's strategic systems planning, James Martin's (1989) information engineering and method/1 from Anderson Consulting.
Critical success factors (Rockart, 1979) methodology focuses on identifying key information needs of senior executives and building information systems around those key needs.
Williams,…show more content…
Information systems (IS) projects are often seen as being vulnerable to cutbacks in resources. Combined with the increasing complexity of system design and the rapid advances in information technology can make project management difficult due to the lack of experienced personnel and the associated high costs. These pressures force project managers to optimize the use of allocated resources to ensure that IS projects are delivered on time and on budget. IS has become integral to the core business and helps to facilitate management decisions allowing improved ability to anticipate, respond, and react to the growing demands of the marketplace. Now, more than ever, effective business strategy centers on aggressive, efficient use of information technology and the project manager plays a central role to ensure that IS projects facilitate this need (Sumner, M 1999).
Success requires excellent project management. The first step of any project plan is that scope should be established (Holland et al., 1999) and controlled to prevent continuous changes in requirements referred to scope creep. The scope must be clearly defined and be limited to avoid additional expenses of time and money. This can be achieved by limiting the amount of systems implemented, involvement of business units, and amount of business process reengineering needed. Any proposed changes should be
ASSIGNMENT ON MANAGEMENT INFORMATIONSYSTEMS
a business-wide strategy. Management information systems are distinct from regular information systems in that they are used to analyze other information systems applied inoperational activities in the organization. Academically, the term is commonly used to refer to the group of information management methods tied to the automation or support of human decision making, e.g. Decision Support Systems, Expert systems, and Executiveinformation systems.An 'MIS' is a planned system of the collecting, processing, storing and disseminatingdata in the form of information needed to carry out the functions of management.According to Philip Kotler "A marketing information system consists of people, equipment,and procedures to gather, sort, analyze, evaluate, and distribute needed, timely, and accurateinformation to marketing decision makers." The terms MIS and information system areoften confused. Information systems include systems that are not intended for decisionmaking.The area of study called MIS is sometimes referred to, in a restrictive sense, asinformation technology management. That area of study should not be confused withcomputer science. IT service management is a practitioner-focused discipline. MIS has alsosome differences with Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) as ERP incorporates elementsthat are not necessarily focused on decision support. MIS has a major impact on thefunctions of any organization.The organization derives benefits from the systems in the following form:a) Speedy access to information, b) Interpretation of data,c) Quick decisions,d) Speedy actions,e) Increased productivity and thereby increases in the profitf) Reduced transaction cost.
In any organization managers will have varieties of tasks to manage. MIS is mainlydesigned to take care of the needs of the managers in the organization.
Organizations will have different departments like marketing, production, sales,inventory, maintenance etc. Each of these departments function individually andalso in relationship with other departments. Information is available in abundance.
RAHUL GUPTA, MBAHCS (2
SEM), SUBJECT CODE-MB0031, SET- 1Page 2