How to Structure a Localization Relocation Policy
How to Structure a Localization Relocation Policy
When sending employees on an international assignment, one way in which we are seeing companies achieve flexibility and cost containment is through the use of localization. Localization is the integration of an employee into the compensation and benefits system of the host country. Let’s take a look at recent trends in localization, as well as some of the most common localization approaches being used.
Trends in Developing a Localization Relocation Policy
According to data from Cartus’ 2014 Global Mobility Policies & Practices survey, 58% of participants indicated that they have a formal localization policy—up from 2012, when only 47% of companies said that they had a formal policy in place.
When we asked, “What is driving localization within your organization?”:
- 67% of respondents cited containment of mobility costs,
- 51% said that it was part of their globalization strategy, and
- 39% pointed to career development opportunities in local markets
The localization approach used by organizations most frequently (named by 34% of respondents) was transition to local status immediately following an international assignment.
Most Common Localization Approaches
Some of the most common approaches to localization that companies are using in their global relocation program include:
- Transition of assignees from expatriate (assignment) terms to pure local entity terms, from a compensation and benefits perspective;
- Transition of assignees from expatriate (assignment) terms to a “local plus-type” package; and,
- Transferring employees into the destination location (also known as one-way transfers), where the intent is pure localization from a compensation and benefits perspective.
Cartus Consulting Solutions has developed a white paper that provides an overview of general practices and areas of consideration associated with localizing employees into a destination location. Please contact your Cartus representative, or email us at email@example.com if you would like to view this white paper. You might also be interested in our permanent relocation, short-term assignment, long-term assignment, and extended business travel solution papers, which explore the various assignment benefits and how and why they may vary depending on your company’s culture, assignment needs, and employee profile.
Mahara Assignment Submission Plugin
This repository houses an updated Mahara assignment submission plugin.
- XML-RPC integration with a Mahara installation
- The student selects one of their Mahara portfolio pages or collections as a Moodle assignment submission
- If multiple submissions are allowed, it releases the previously selected submission
- Abides by Moodle assignments config options
- Popups for quickly previewing submissions (no windows... no tabs)
- Mahara pages can be made to lock upon submission, and unlock upon grading. Or stay permanently locked. Or not lock at all.
- Unlock-on-grading functionality also supports marking workflow. Submitted pages will unlock when the workflow state changes to "Released".
- Make sure that your Moodle and Mahara versions are up to date.
- Connect your Moodle and Mahara sites via MNet. (For detailed instructions see the Mahara wiki).
- If you are using Mahara 1.9 or earlier, apply the included patch file "mahara-patch.txt" to your Mahara site.
- If you are using Moodle 2.6, apply the included patch file "moodle-patch.txt" to your Moodle site.
- If you are using Moodle 2.5 or earlier, install the Mahara local plugin now.
- Install this plugin the normal way: by using the Moodle web installer, or by extracting the plugin archive to and going to the admin "Notifications" page.
- Once the plugin is installed, go to "Site administration -> Networking -> Manage Peers". Select the peer record for your Mahara site, click on the "Services" tab, and subscribe to the "Assign Submission Mahara services" service.
- Open the "Site admin" -> "Plugins" -> "Activity modules" -> "Assignment" -> "Submission plugins" -> "Mahara portfolio" and configure default locking behavior.
- Now you may create your first Mahara assignment.
Upgrading (Moodle 2.6 or later)
There were previously two different forks of the Mahara assignment submission plugin for Moodle, one developed by the University of Portland, and another by Lancaster University. This plugin is designed to allow you to upgrade from either. It will automatically detect which version of the plugin you have installed, and migrate it accordingly. So all you need to do is:
- Remove the current contents of your mod/assign/submission/mahara directory.
- Follow the steps under "Installation" above. (This will trigger the database upgrade script.)
- If you are using Moodle 2.7 or later and you have previously installed the Mahara assignment feedback plugin (mod/assign/feedback/mahara), the upgrade will prompt you to uninstall it. You will then need to remove its directory.
- If you have also installed the Mahara local plugin (local/mahara), you should now uninstall it and remove its directory.
NOTE: If you were using the Mahara assignment feedback plugin before, you need to upgrade this assignment submission plugin before uninstalling the assignment feedback plugin. This is to allow the per-assignment locking settings from the feedback plugin to be migrated into the replacement system in the submission plugin.
- Go into a Moodle course as a teacher.
- An an "Assignment" activity to the course.
- Under the assignment's "Submission types" section, you should see an option for "Mahara portfolio". Tick this box, and any others you also want the student to include in their submission.
- Use the "Lock submitted pages" menu to choose whether you want submitted Mahara pages & collections to be locked from editing in Mahara. This feature is useful if you wish to prevent students to edit the page after the submission deadline.
- Once the assignment is set up, a student in the course will see a screen to let them select one of their Mahara portfolio pages or collections as part of their assignment submission.
- As the teacher, when you view the assignment submission via the gradebook, you will see a link that will allow you to view the submitted Mahara page or collection. (The plugin will automatically generate the access rights in Mahara).
- See the Readme for more details.
Feedback plugin (Moodle 2.6 only)
In Moodle 2.6, if you set the plugin to lock submitted pages & collections, they will remain locked in Mahara permanently. If you wish them to become unlocked once they are graded, you should also install the Mahara assignment feedback plugin, and activate it in your assignment.
Please use plugin repository bug tracker for reporting issues.
CreditsThe original Moodle 1.9 version of this plugin was funded through a grant from the New Hampshire Department of Education to a collaborative group of the following New Hampshire school districts:
- Exeter Region Cooperative
- Oyster River
- Timberlane School District
The upgrade to Moodle 2.0 and 2.1 was completed by Aaron Wells at Catalyst and supported by NetSpot and Pukunui Technology.
Subsequent updates to the plugin for Moodle 2.6 and 2.7 were implemented by Aaron Wells at Catalyst with funding from:
The upgrade to use events for unlocking behaviour and supporting grading workflow was developed by Lancaster University.