Read our 2017 Report Card for Heinrich.
Heinrich is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot is a member of the Senate positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Heinrich has sponsored and cosponsored. See full analysis methodology.
Ratings from Advocacy Organizations
Martin Heinrich sits on the following committees:
Heinrich was the primary sponsor of 3 bills that were enacted:
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We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if about one third or more of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Heinrich sponsors bills primarily in these issue areas:
Public Lands and Natural Resources (42%)Energy (21%)Armed Forces and National Security (9%)Science, Technology, Communications (8%)Native Americans (6%)Government Operations and Politics (6%)Taxation (6%)Health (4%)
Some of Heinrich’s most recently sponsored bills include...
View All » | View Cosponsors »
|Heinrich’s Vote||Vote Description|
|Nay||On the Nomination PN117: William Francis Hagerty IV, of Tennessee, to be Ambassador to Japan|
Jul 13, 2017. Nomination Confirmed 86/12.
|Nay||On the Nomination PN59: Elaine C. Duke, of Virginia, to be Deputy Secretary of Homeland Security|
Apr 4, 2017. Nomination Confirmed 85/14.
|Nay||On the Nomination PN40: John F. Kelly, of Virginia, to be Secretary of Homeland Security|
Jan 20, 2017. Nomination Confirmed 88/11.
|Yea||H.R. 5325: Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2017|
Sep 28, 2016. Bill Passed 72/26.
|Yea||H.R. 22: Developing a Reliable and Innovative Vision for the Economy Act|
Dec 3, 2015. Conference Report Agreed to 83/16.
H.R 22, formerly the Hire More Heroes Act, has become the Senate’s vehicle for passage of the Developing a Reliable and Innovative Vision for the Economy Act or DRIVE Act (S. 1647). The DRIVE Act is a major bipartisan transportation bill that would authorize funding ...
|No||H.R. 6233 (112th): Agricultural Disaster Assistance Act of 2012|
Aug 2, 2012. Passed 223/197.
|Aye||H.R. 1249 (112th): Leahy-Smith America Invents Act|
Jun 23, 2011. Passed 304/117.
The Leahy–Smith America Invents Act (AIA) is a United States federal statute that was passed by Congress and was signed into law by President Barack Obama on September 16, 2011. The law represents the most significant change to the U.S. patent system since 1952, and ...
|No||H.R. 2749 (111th): Food Safety Enhancement Act of 2009|
Jul 30, 2009. Passed 283/142.
|Nay||H.R. 2749 (111th): Food Safety Enhancement Act of 2009|
Jul 29, 2009. Failed 280/150.
|Nay||H.Res. 572 (111th): Providing for consideration of the bill (H.R. 2647) to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2010 for military ...|
Jun 24, 2009. Passed 222/202.
From Jan 2013 to Mar 2018, Heinrich missed 12 of 1,533 roll call votes, which is 0.8%. This is better than the median of 1.4% among the lifetime records of senators currently serving. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
Show the numbers...
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
Martin Heinrich is pronounced:
MAR-tin // HĪN-rik
The letters stand for sounds according to the following table:
|Letter||Sounds As In|
Capital letters indicate a stressed syllable.
Martin Trevor Heinrich (; born October 17, 1971) is an American politician and businessman serving as the juniorUnited States Senator from New Mexico since 2013.
A native of Fallon, Nevada, Heinrich lived much of his adulthood in New Mexico, specifically Albuquerque, the state's largest city. As a member of the Democratic Party, he was the U.S. Representative for New Mexico's 1st congressional district from 2009 to 2013. He then won the Senate seat vacated by retiring Senator Jeff Bingaman in 2012. Heinrich was mentioned as a possible nominee for Vice President of the United States in 2016 under Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton. However, Senator Tim Kaine from Virginia was later selected for the ticket.
Early life, education, and business career
Martin Trevor Heinrich was born in Fallon, near Carson City, Nevada. Heinrich is the son of Shirley A. (née Bybee), a seamstress, and Peter C. Heinrich, a utility company lineman. Raised as a Lutheran, Heinrich and his parents are of German ancestry. Heinrich grew up in the town of Cole Camp, Missouri, located near Missouri's fifth largest city, Columbia. He now resides in Albuquerque, New Mexico & represents the state in Washington DC. Heinrich was educated and went to local public schools in Cole Camp, then moved to Columbia in 1989 to attend the University of Missouri. He graduated in 1995 with a bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering, and later left Missouri, settling in Albuquerque, New Mexico to take graduate courses at the University of New Mexico. After a brief stint doing mechanical drawings, Heinrich worked as an AmeriCorps fellow in New Mexico.
From 1996 to 2001, he served as executive director of the Cottonwood Gulch Foundation, a New Mexico non-profit organization dedicated to educating young people on natural science and the environment. In 2002, Heinrich founded his own public affairsconsulting firm.
Early political career
Heinrich served on the Albuquerque City Council from 2003 to 2007, which included one term as city council president in 2006. As a city councilman, he stated that his goals were to reduce crime, raise the minimum wage and create new jobs. He also advocated the use of wind and solar power.
In February 2006, he was appointed by GovernorBill Richardson to be the state's Natural Resources Trustee.
U.S. House of Representatives
See also: United States House of Representatives elections in New Mexico, 2008 § District 1
In 2008, Heinrich filed papers to run in New Mexico's 1st congressional district, based in Albuquerque. He originally planned to challenge five-term Republican incumbent Heather Wilson, but Wilson retired to run for the U.S. Senate seat vacated by retiring Republican Pete Domenici. Heinrich won the Democratic primary on June 4, 2008, defeating New Mexico Secretary of StateRebecca Vigil-Giron, State Health Secretary Michelle Lujan Grisham, and U.S. Army veteran Robert Pidcock 44%-25%-24%-8%.
In the general election, Heinrich faced Bernalillo CountySheriffDarren White, whom Heinrich's campaign focused on linking to PresidentGeorge W. Bush. Heinrich also called for energy independence and an end to the war in Iraq. He defeated White, 56%-44%, carrying three of the district's five counties: Bernalillo (56%), Sandoval (56%), and Valencia (53%). White won Santa Fe (64%) and Torrance (57%) counties. Upon his swearing in on January 3, 2009, he became the first Democrat to represent the district. The district had been in Republican hands since New Mexico was split into districts in 1969, but has become increasingly friendly to Democrats in recent years; it has not supported a Republican for president since 1988.
See also: United States House of Representatives elections in New Mexico, 2010 § District 1
Heinrich was challenged by Republican Jon Barela, who told Politico he did not believe Heinrich reflected the district, saying he was too far left on budget and spending issues. During the 2010 campaign, Roll Call reported that the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee assigned a lobbyist to aid in the reelection campaigns of possibly vulnerable house members to help in fundraising, messaging and campaign strategy. Heinrich was elected to a second term, defeating Barela 52%-48%, and carrying two of the district's counties: Bernalillo (53%) and Sandoval (51%). Barela won Santa Fe (67%), Torrance (61%), and Valencia (53%) counties.
On January 14, 2009, Heinrich was elected by the House Democratic freshmen to a six-month term as their freshmen class president. He co-sponsored the Stop the Congressional Pay Raise Act, which would cancel an automatic $4,700 salary raise for members of Congress.
On March 21, 2010, Heinrich voted for the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (commonly called Obamacare or the Affordable Care Act).
NARAL Pro-Choice America PAC endorsed Heinrich in 2010.
Heinrich received a 100% score from NARAL in 2009.
Heinrich has identified himself as an environmentalist throughout his career. He served as executive director of the Cottonwood Gulch Foundation, a New Mexico non-profit organization dedicated to educating young people on natural science and the environment, and founded his own public affairsconsulting firm.
Later, as a member of the Albuquerque City Council, he advocated for the use of wind and solar power. In February 2006, he was appointed by GovernorBill Richardson to be the state's Natural Resources Trustee. He also served on the executive committee of the Sierra Club's Rio Grande Chapter. In August 2011, he received the Sierra Club's first endorsement of the 2012 election cycle. He opposes construction of the Keystone Pipeline. He supports cap-and-trade legislation.
In 2008, Heinrich stated, "I am not supportive of gay marriage, but I do believe that everybody in the United States has the same civil rights in front of the government. So I think it's important that civil rights that are available to heterosexual couples should be available to every single gay couple who also wants to make the same sort of commitments."
After his 2012 Senate primary opponent, Hector Balderas, announced his support for same-sex marriage, Heinrich's staff released a statement to the New Mexico Independent newspaper stating, "Martin has supported gay marriage for some time. I just don't think he was asked about it. Thanks for asking!" He was an original cosponsor of Congressman Jerry Nadler's 2009 legislation to repeal the Defense of Marriage Act.
"Every life lost to gun violence is a tragedy. Our country is weary from violence and grief and the American people deserve meaningful action from Congress. It's long past due for a legislative response to keep guns out of the hands of those that would turn them against our communities."
The National Rifle Association (NRA) endorsed Heinrich during the 2010 congressional election. At that time, he received a grade of "A" from the NRA on his stance with regards to Second Amendment rights. He is a former member of the NRA.
Heinrich opposed legislation that would have reinstated the Federal Assault Weapons Ban. He also supported bills to create a national standard for the concealed carrying of firearms across state lines, and co-sponsored legislation that would ease the restrictions on the sales of firearms across state lines.
In response to the 2017 Las Vegas shooting, Heinrich stated that Congress needed to pass legislative changes to combat gun violence.
In 2008, Heinrich was criticized by the New Mexico Republican Party for his work on the creation of the Ojito National Wilderness, which they said amounted to unregistered lobbying. Heinrich responded that the work was advocacy that did not require lobbying disclosure.
Heinrich was a member of the House Armed Services Committee. During his time in Congress, Heinrich has maintained strong opposition to the war in Iraq, and supports a swift end of combat operations in Afghanistan.
In 2011, he voted against the National Defense Authorization Act conference report because he objected to language requiring that suspected foreign terrorists be taken into custody by the military instead of civilian law enforcement authorities.
See also: United States Senate election in New Mexico, 2012
Heinrich announced that he would leave the House to run for the United States Senate seat held by Jeff Bingaman, who retired at the end of his term. In March, Politico reported that Al Gore had signed a fundraising letter for Heinrich. Heinrich defeated State Auditor Hector Balderas in the Democratic primary. Heinrich faced Republican Heather Wilson, his predecessor in Congress, in the general election on November 6, 2012. He defeated Wilson, 51% to 45%.
On April 17, 2013, Heinrich voted to expand background checks for gun purchases. On April 17, 2013, Heinrich voted against regulating assault weapons.
On September 27, 2013, Heinrich voted to restore funding for the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act as part of an amendment to legislation funding government operations for 45 days, and which also omitted House-passed language prioritizing debt payments if Congress fails to increase the nation’s borrowing limits.
Bipartisan survival trip
In 2014, Heinrich and Republican Senator Jeff Flake of Arizona traveled to a small island called Eru in the Marshall Islands. The Discovery Channel sent a film crew to document their trip and plan to air the film for a show called Rival Survival. Heinrich and Flake had to survive for six days with few resources, including no natural sources of drinkable water. After the trip, Heinrich told reporters that he and Flake decided to go on the trip to demonstrate that politicians from different political parties can work together, and in their case, to survive.
|New Mexico's 1st congressional district Democratic primary election, 2008|
|Democratic||Michelle Lujan Grisham||12,074||23.51%|
|New Mexico's 1st congressional district election, 2008|
|New Mexico's 1st congressional district election, 2010|
|Democratic||Martin Heinrich (incumbent)||112,707||51.88%|
|U.S. Senate Democratic primary election in New Mexico, 2012|
|U.S. Senate election in New Mexico, 2012|
|Independent American||Jon Ross Barrie||28,199||3.63%|
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