SARVA SHIKSHA ABHIYAN
An Environmental Assessment
Technical Support Group Educational Consultants India Ltd, New Delhi.
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is the flagship programme of Government of India to achieve Universal Elementary Education (UEE) in the country in a mission mode. With an outlay of Rs.980 billion, SSA covers 193 million children, 3.3 million teachers and nearly 1 million schools and alternative schools spread over 1.1 million habitations in 28 States and 7 Union Territories. The largest programme of its kind in the world, SSA is an integrated, comprehensive scheme in partnership with State Governments, Local Self Governments, the community and the civil society. SSA is an effort to universalize elementary education by community ownership of the school system. It emphasizes on the active involvement of local self governments and grassroot level structures like Village Education Committee, Parent-Teacher Association, Mother-Teacher Association etc. Goals Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan aims to provide useful and relevant elementary education for all children in the 6 to 14 age group (grade I to VIII) by 2010. The objectives of SSA are; All children in school, education guarantee centre, alternative school & back to school camp by 2003 All children to complete five years of primary education by 2007 All children complete eight years of elementary education by 2010 Focus on elementary education of satisfactory quality with emphasis on education for life Bridge all gender and social category gaps at primary stage by 2007 and at elementary education stage by 2010 and Universal retention by 2010 Broad strategies The broad strategies of SSA are;: Institutional reforms in the states to improve efficiency of the delivery system Sustainable financing in partnership with the states (9th Plan - 85:15, 10th Plan -75:25, 50:50 thereafter) Community ownership of school based interventions through effective decentralization. Institutional capacity...
CHILD Protection & Child Rights » IV. National Mechanisms » Child Targeted Schemes & Programmes » Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)
SSA is an effort to universalise elementary education by community-ownership of the school system. It aims at changing the current school system in order to improve the quality of the education provide in the country. The SSA programme is also an effort to provide an equal opportunity for children to grow and develop knowledge and skills through community-owned quality education system. It considers itself an opportunity for promoting social justice through basic education. It aims at successfully involving Panchayati Raj Institutions, School Management Committees, Village and Urban Slum level Education Committees, Parents' Teachers' Associations, Mother Teacher Associations, Tribal Autonomous Councils and other local level organisations in the administration of elementary schools. It aims at achieving an efficient partnership between central, state and local governments, while still proving the state with the autonomy of developing its own mission in regard to elementary education.
The main mission of SSA is to provide "useful and relevant elementary education for all children in the 6 to 14 age group by 2010". SSA means to remove all social, regional and gender disparities in the education system through the active participation of the community. Realising the importance of early childhood care and education, SSA works with all children ages 0-14. The main objectives of SSA are as follows:
- All children should either be in a school or an education guarantee centre of an alternate school, or an' Back-to-School' camp by 2003
- All children of the appropriate age will fulfil five years of primary schooling by 2007
- All children of the appropriate are will fulfil eight years of elementary schooling by 2010
- Focus is on elementary education of satisfactory quality which will be considered to be beneficial for life
- To bridge all gender and social class gaps at primary stage by 2007 and at elementary education level by 2010
- Have universal retention in schools both primary and elementary by 2010
The SSA uses a number of strategies to reach their goal such as: reforming the delivery of education so as to positively affect the quality of education, searching for sustainable financing of the school system, facilitating decentralization by including participation of the community and community organization, improving mainstream education administration, emphasizing education of girls, STs, SCs and other marginalized minorities and groups, creation of district level plans, etc. SSA also has provisions for private-public partnerships but has not clearly defined this area.
For more information visit the SSA website