Essay Ethics Human Life Unsanctifying

  • Bayertz K (1996) Sanctity of life and human dignity. Kluwer, DordrechtCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • Bo H (1997) Sanctity of life. In: Boyd KM, Higgs R, Pinching AJ (eds) The new dictionary of medical ethics. London, p 228Google Scholar

  • Bonnell JS (1951) The sanctity of human life. Theol Today 8:194–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • Cholbi M (2008) Suicide. In: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy http://www.plato.stanford.edu/entries/suicide/#ChrPro. Accessed 24 June 2011

  • Clouser KD (1973) “The Sanctity of Life”: an analysis of a concept. Ann Intern Med 78:119–125Google Scholar

  • Coats RH (1921) Sanctification. In: Hastings J (ed) Encyclopaedia of religion and ethics, vol. xi. Edinburgh, New York, pp 181–184Google Scholar

  • Demarco D (2003) Peter Singer: architect of the culture of death. Soc Justice Rev 94:154–157Google Scholar

  • Dworkin R (1993) Life’s dominion. An argument about abortion, euthanasia, and individual freedom. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc, New YorkGoogle Scholar

  • Engelhardt HT (1996) Sanctity of life and menschenwürde: can these concepts help direct the use of resources in critical care? In: Bayertz K (ed) Sanctity of life and human dignity. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 201–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • Feige G (1997) Die Väter der Kirche—eine ökumenische Herausforderung? In: Beinert W (ed) Unterwegs zum einen Glauben. Leipzig, pp 430–447Google Scholar

  • Fletcher J (1951) Our right to die. Theol Today 8:202–212CrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • Frankena WK (1975) The ethics of respect for life. In: Barker SF (ed) Respect for life in medicine, philosophy, and the law. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London, pp 24–62Google Scholar

  • Götz Ch (2000) Medizinische Ethik und katholische Kirche. Die Aussagen des päpstlichen Lehramtes zu Fragen der medizinischen Ethik seit dem Zweiten Vatikanum. LIT, MünsterGoogle Scholar

  • Green RM (1999) Jewish teaching on the sanctity and quality of life. In: Pellegrino ED, Faden AI (eds) Jewish and catholic bioethics. An ecumenical dialogue. Georgetown University Press, Washington, pp 25–42Google Scholar

  • Jacobs P (1968) Prädestination und Verantwortlichkeit bei Calvin. 2nd edn DarmstadtGoogle Scholar

  • Kant Immanuel (1960) Religion within the limits of reason alone. Greene TM, Hudson HH (ed, transl). Harper & Row, New YorkGoogle Scholar

  • Kant Immanuel (1993) Critique of practical reason. Beck LW (ed, transl, introd). 3rd edn. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New JerseyGoogle Scholar

  • Kant Immanuel (1996) The Metaphysics of Morals. Gregor M (ed), Sullivan RJ (introd). Cambridge University PressGoogle Scholar

  • Kant Immanuel (1997) Lectures on ethics. Heath P, Schneewind JB (ed), Heath P (introd). Cambridge University PressGoogle Scholar

  • Kant’s Vorlesungen (1974) Vorlesung über Moralphilosophie Bd. IV, Erste Hälfte, Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen (ed) = Kant’s gesammelt Schriften Bd. 27.1, Akademie der Wissenschaften der DDR (ed). Berlin, De GruyterGoogle Scholar

  • Kass L (2002) Life, liberty and the defense of dignity. The challenge for bioethics. Encounter Books, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar

  • Keenan JF (1996) The concept of sanctity of life and its use in contemporary bioethical discussion. In: Bayertz K (ed) Sanctity of life and human dignity. Dordrecht, Boston, London, pp. 1–18Google Scholar

  • Keenan JF (1997) The moral argumentation of evangelium vitae. In: Wildes K (ed) Choosing life—a dialogue on evangelium vitae. Georgetown University Press, Washington, pp 46–62Google Scholar

  • Khushf G (1996) The sanctity of life: a literature review. In: Bayertz K (ed) Sanctity of life and human dignity. Dordrecht, Boston, London, pp. 293–310Google Scholar

  • Kittsteiner HD (1995) Die Entstehung des modernen Gewissens. Frankfurt am MainGoogle Scholar

  • Kohl M (1974) The morality of killing. Sanctity of life, abortion and euthanasia. Peter Owen Limited, LondonGoogle Scholar

  • Kopfensteiner ThR (1999) “Sanctity of Life” vs. “Quality of Life”. In: Holderegger A (ed) Das medizinisch assistierte Sterben. Zur Sterbehilfe aus medizinischer, ethischer, juristischer und theologischer Sicht. Freiburg/Switzerland, Freiburg im Breisgau, pp. 192–207Google Scholar

  • Kornfeld W, Ringgren H (1989) “qds”. In: Theologisches Woerterbuch des Alten Testaments, vol. vi, Fabry, H-J, Ringgren H (eds) Stuttgart, cc 1179–1203Google Scholar

  • Kuhse H (1987) The sanctity-of-life doctrine in medicine. A critique. Clarendon, OxfordGoogle Scholar

  • Kuhse H (2001) Unsanctifying human life. Essays on ethics, OxfordGoogle Scholar

  • Lenzen V (2002) Jüdisches Leben und Sterben im Namen Gottes. Studien über die Heiligung des göttlichen Namens (Kiddusch HaSchem). 2nd edn München, ZürichGoogle Scholar

  • Pellegrino ED (2001) Physician & philosopher. The philosophical foundation of medicine: essays by Dr. Edmund Pellegrino. In: Bulger RJ, McGovern JP (eds). Carden Jennings Publishing: Charlottesville, VAGoogle Scholar

  • Ramsey P (1968) The morality of abortion. In: Labby DH (ed) Life or death: ethics and options. University of Washington Press, Seattle and London, pp 60–93Google Scholar

  • Reich WT (1978) Quality of life. In: Reich WT (ed) Encyclopedia of Bioethics vol 2. The Free Press, New York, pp 829–840Google Scholar

  • Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973) http://supreme.justia.com/us/410/113/case.html. Accessed 30 June 2011

  • Sanctity of Life Act http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d112:HR01096:@@@L&summ2=m&. Accessed 30 June 2011

  • Singer P (1994) Rethinking life and death. The collapse of our traditional ethics. Text Publishing, MelbourneGoogle Scholar

  • Singer P (1999) Is the sanctity of life ethic terminally ill? In: Kuhse H, Singer P (eds) Bioethics. An anthology. Blackwell Publishers, pp. 292–301Google Scholar

  • Singer P (2005) Practical ethics, 2nd edn. 20th printing. New York, Cambridge University PressGoogle Scholar

  • Tauber AI (2011) Medical ethics. In: Encyclopedia of science and religion http://www.enotes.com/science-religion-encyclopedia/medical-ethics/print. Accessed 24 June 2011

  • Telushkin, RJ (2006) A code of jewish ethics. vol 1: you shall be holy. Crown Publishing: New YorkGoogle Scholar

  • The New American Bible (NAB) (1997) Student Edition. World Publishing, Inc.Google Scholar

  • Thomasma DC (1999) The sanctity-of-human-life doctrine. In: Pellegrino ED, Faden AI (eds) Jewish and catholic bioethics. An ecumenical dialogue. Georgetown University Press, Washington, pp 54–73Google Scholar

  • Weingarten MA (2004) Sanctity of life or sanctification of life? A critical reassessment of Jewish medical ethics. In: Twohig P, Kalitzkus V (eds) Interdisciplinary perspectives on health, illness and disease. Rodopi: Amsterdam, New York, pp 9–20Google Scholar

  • Weingarten MA (2007) On the sanctity of life. In: Br J Gen Practice, April: 332–333Google Scholar

  • Zimmermann-Acklin M (2002) Euthanasie. Eine theologisch-ethische Untersuchung. 2nd edn Freiburg in Ueberlingen, Freiburg im BreisgauGoogle Scholar

  • In religion and ethics, inviolability or sanctity of life is a principle of implied protection regarding aspects of sentient life which are said to be holy, sacred, or otherwise of such value that they are not to be violated. This can be applied to both animals and humans, for instance in religions that practice Ahimsa, as both are seen as holy and worthy of life.

    The concept of inviolability is an important tie between the ethics of religion and the ethics of law, as each seeks justification for its principles as based on both purity and natural concept, as well as in universality of application.

    In Christianity[edit]

    Main article: Christianity and abortion

    The phrase sanctity of life refers to the idea that human life is sacred, holy, and precious, argued mainly by the pro-life side in political and moral debates over such controversial issues as abortion, contraception, euthanasia, embryonic stem-cell research, and the "right to die" in the United States, Canada, United Kingdom and other English-speaking countries. (Comparable phrases are also used in other languages.) Although the phrase was used primarily in the 19th century in Protestant discourse, after World War II the phrase has been used in Catholic moral theology and, following Roe v. Wade, Evangelical Christian moral rhetoric.[1]

    The sanctity of life principle, which is often contrasted with the "quality of life" to some extent, is the basis of all Catholic teaching about the fifth commandment in the Ten Commandments.[2][3][4][5]

    In Eastern religions[edit]

    In Western thought, sanctity of life is usually applied solely to the human species (anthropocentrism, sometimes called dominionism), in marked contrast to many schools of Eastern philosophy, which often hold that all animal life is sacred―in some cases to such a degree that, for example, practitioners of Jainism carry brushes with which to sweep insects from their path, lest they inadvertently tread upon them.[6]George Carlin, deceased American social critic and author, challenged this viewpoint in his album and HBO special Back in Town.[7]

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

    Further reading[edit]

    • Barry, Robert Laurence (2002). The Sanctity of Human Life and Its Protection. Lanham: University Press of America. 
    • Bayertz, Kurt (ed.) (1996). Sanctity of Life and Human Dignity. Philosophy and Medicine; v. 52. Dordrecht; Boston: Kluwer Academic. 
    • Bernardin, Joseph Louis; et al. (1988). Consistent Ethic of Life. Kansas City, MO: Sheed & Ward. 
    • Kass, Leon R. (March 1990). "Death with Dignity and the Sanctity of Life". Commentary. New York: American Jewish Committee. 89 (3): 33–43. ISSN 0010-2601. 
    • Keyserlingk, Edward W. (1979). Sanctity of Life: or, Quality of Life in the Context of Ethics, Medicine, and Law: A Study. Protection of Life Series. Ottawa: Law Reform Commission of Canada. 
    • Kohl, Marvin (1974). The Morality of Killing; Sanctity of Life, Abortion, and Euthanasia. New York: Humanities Press. 
    • Kuhse, Helga (1987). The Sanctity-of-Life Doctrine in Medicine: A Critique. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 
    • McCormick, Richard A. (1981). "The Quality of Life and the Sanctity of Life". How Brave a New World?: Dilemmas in bioethics. New York: Doubleday: 383–402. 
    • Singer, Peter (2002). Unsanctifying Human Life: essays on ethics. Oxford: Blackwell. 
    • Wildes, Kevin Wm.; Francesc Abel; John C. Harvey (1992). Birth, Suffering, and Death: Catholic Perspectives at the Edges of Life. Dordrecht; Boston: Kluwer Academic. 

    Comments

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *